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Friday, February 22, 2008

RV Batteries Get Drug Store Treatment

Does plain mineral oil extend the life of RV lead acid batteries? Edison marketed a “Battery Oil” that was nothing more than mineral oil. A thin layer of mineral oil covered the electrolyte solution floating on top inside the battery cell to prevent both evaporation and absorption of CO2 in Edison Primary Batteries. Edison’s batteries were used in commercial applications like railroad crossing signals. RVers have been using mineral oil this way in their RV batteries for years. What is the theory behind this concept? Well, the idea is that when batteries are discharged and charged (which happens frequently in RVs) increased water consumption occurs through evaporation. During this process sulfuric acid fumes discharge from bubles rising to the top of the cells. This results in external corrosion problems. The thin layer of mineral oil acts to retard the rapid bubble explosions thereby reducing the amount of sulphuric acid that escapes. I do not have scientific data to determine whether this actually works or not, but I do know many RVers have told me this treatment has increased the life of their batteries and significantly reduced the amount of corrosion on battery posts, cables and trays. They also report less evaporation resulting in less maintenance. A down side to this is you have to get the tube of your electrolyte tester down past the layer of mineral oil in order to do an electrolyte test. I’m not recommending that you do this. I could not find sufficient data to support doing it, but, I am using my RV batteries as a test bed for this project to see if indeed these claims are true. So, today I put two ounces of plane white mineral oil in each of my battery cells using a one ounce syringe. I had to remove some of the electrolyte to ensure a proper level in each battery cell. I purchased the mineral oil at the WalMart pharmacy. I’ll report back in a year and let you know how my batteries are performing. Doing stuff at home without adult supervision - Jim Twamley, Professor of RVing

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2 Comments:

  • Sounds like a good idea but I have one concern. Since RV batteries get jostled or bounced around a lot, will the mineral oil come in contact with the plates at times and will the oil interact with or coat the plates and prevent the neccessary reaction between the electrolyte and the plates? Also will sucking any oil into the electrolyte tester and coating the little floater balls or dial negatively impact the test readings?
    Freestyle_Freddy

    By Blogger Fred, at March 6, 2008 4:51:00 AM PST  

  • Here's a comment I happen to run across on RV.net on adding oil in the batteries.

    "The functions that batteries fulfill has led to advanced construction and capability’s past the standard wet-cell battery to fit specific needs. The first effort to counter some of the problems of the wet-cell battery was to float oil over the top of the electrolyte to reduce the venting of acid vapor. This worked until vibration mixed the oil and water into an emulsion that could actually coat the plates and effectively kill the chemical process, sometimes after only a few thousand miles. PLEASE don’t ask me how I know about this !!

    i DON'T THINK IT'S A GOOD IDEA.

    By Anonymous Anonymous, at March 12, 2008 1:32:00 PM PDT  

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